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Nevada Acres

 

Montello/ Elko County, Nevada

 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

MONTELLO, NEVADA is an unincorporated community in Elko County, Nevada, United States. It is home to Montello Elementary School which is part of the Elko County School District. The population of Montello is 216. Two small bars and a market selling fuel & sundries comprise the business district. Various cattle ranching operations surround the area.

Montello is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The town of Montello was established in 1904 as a "division point" (operations base) for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Montello's development was prompted by the construction of the Lucin Cutoff across the Great Salt Lake in Utah, a line that bypassed the area's former division point town of Terrace, Utah. Many of the original houses in Montello were moved there from Terrace and nearby Kelton, Utah. Montello was originally named "Bauvard," and received its current name in 1912. The word "Montello" means "rest" in the Shoshone language.

Montello was at its peak in the 1910s and early 1920s, with a population of perhaps 800. While the town's economic life was dominated by the railroad, it also served as a community center for local ranchers and as a supply point for the nearby mining camp of Delano. Montello began declining in the late 1920s, however; railroad employment began to lessen and a 1925 fire devastated the town's business district. The primary factor in Montello's decline, though, was the railroad's shift from steam to diesel locomotives, which took place in the 1940s and early 1950s. This rendered the servicing facilities at Montello obsolete, and they were removed by the Southern Pacific in the 1950s.

ELKO, NEVADA

Elko is a city in Elko County, Nevada, United States. The population was 16,980 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Elko County. It straddles the Humboldt River.

Elko is the principal city of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Elko and Eureka counties[3] and had a combined population of 46,942 at the 2000 census.

It is home to Great Basin College.

History
Elko was first inhabited in 1868, when it was at the East end of the railroad tracks built by Central Pacific Railroad (the portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad built from California to Utah). When the railroad crews moved on, Elko remained, serving as a ranch and mining freight and supply center.

Elko is said to have been named by Charles Crocker, a superintendent of the Central Pacific Railroad. He was especially fond of animal names and added o to Elk. There is no definitive evidence of this naming history, but it has become the widely accepted version.

The first Elko County Courthouse was built in 1869.

In 1925, the Kelly Act (also known as the Airmail Act of 1925) authorized the U.S. Post Office to contract with private airlines for the feeder routes that fed the main transcontinental route. The first commercial airmail flight in the United States was on the 487 mile Airmail Route #5 from Pasco, Washington to what would become Elko Regional Airport on April 6, 1926. The flight was piloted by Leon D. Cuddeback and included a brief stop in Boise, Idaho to pick up more mail.

The 1910 replacement for the original courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The US Post Office-Elko Main, built in 1933, is also listed.

Economy
Elko's economy is based on gold mining, ranching, and tourism. As of early 2009, Elko County had 26,700 jobs, up from 25,500 in 2008.

Geography and climate
 
Elko, Nevada. Ruby Mountains in right background.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.5 square miles (37.5 km²), all land; though the path of the Humboldt River fills from time to time.

Elko's climate is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSk). January is normally the coldest month of the year, with an average maximum of 37.1 °F (2.8 °C) and an average minimum of 14.1 °F (−9.9 °C). July is normally the warmest month of the year, with an average maximum of 89.6 °F (32.0 °C) and an average minimum of 48.6 °F (9.2 °C). There are an average of 42 days annually with a maximum of 90° (32°C) or higher, and an average of 193 days annually with a minimum of 32° (0°C) or lower. Annual precipitation averages 9.57 inches (24.3 cm), falling on an average of 79 days. Annual snowfall averages with 28.2 inches (72 cm). There are normally 130 sunny days each year. The highest temperature on record is 108 °F (42 °C) on July 28, 1889, and the lowest on record is −43 °F (−42 °C) on January 21, 1937. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.30 inches (8.4 cm) on April 22, 1925. The most rainfall in one month was 5.71 inches (14.5 cm) in January 1916. The most rainfall in one year was 18.34 inches (46.6 cm) in 1983. The least rainfall in one year was 4.35 inches (11.0 cm) in 1919. The most snowfall in one month was 45.7 inches (116 cm) in January 1996. The most snowfall in one year was 100.8 inches (256 cm) in 1996.

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,708 people, 8,505 households, and 5,287 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,153.3 people per square mile (445.2/km²). There were 6,948 housing units at an average density of 479.6/sq mi (185.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.5% White, 0.3% African American, 5.4% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.4% of the population.

There were 8,505 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,656, and the median income for a family was $52,263. Males had a median income of $42,155 versus $26,823 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,680. About 6.1% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation
Elko is the largest city between Salt Lake City and Reno located along Interstate 80. Passenger service to Elko is available on Greyhound Lines, Amtrak's twice-daily California Zephyr, and from SkyWest Airlines, which serves Elko Regional Airport from Salt Lake City.

Culture
Each January, Elko is the host to the National Cowboy Poetry Gathering. This festival is a week-long celebration of life in the rural West, features poetry, music, stories, gear, film, photography, food.

Elko is the home to the Western Folklife Center, which is regional nonprofit organization that works to expand understanding of the everyday traditions of people who live and work in the American West. The Western Folklife Center is located Downtown in the old Pioneer hotel.

Every July, Elko is host to the National Basque Festival[15]. The "Basco Fiasco," as it is humorously referred to, is a celebration on traditional Basque culture and its ties to the Elko community. The festival includes strongman competitions, a running of the bulls, traditional food and wine, and Basque Dancing.

The annual Elko Motorcycle Jamboree also known as the "Rumble in the Rubies Motorcycle Rally" is usually held in the summer months in Elko.

Elko is home to a number of casinos, including Stockmen's Casino & Hotel, the Commercial Casino|, the High Desert Casino, Gold Dust West, the Red Lion Casino, and the Gold County Inn & Casino. The Commercial Casino is notable for having a stuffed ten-foot tall polar bear on display. For many years the Red Lion brought gamblers to Elko from many parts of the country through flights on Casino Express. The flights to Elko ended in February 2006.

Elko is also home to legal prostitutes and contains active brothels. Under Nevada law, any county with a population of less than 400,000 is allowed to license brothels if it so chooses.

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